The Landmark Scheme
Hong Kong, China
Metro Area: Hong Kong
World Region: Asia Pacific

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Project Summary

Project Type:
Mixed-Use--Three Uses or More
Profile Summary

Land Use(s):
Office Building, Upscale/Luxury Hotel, Enclosed Mall

Site Size:
2.5 acres/1.0 hectares

Location Type:
Central Business District

Date Posted:


High-Rise Building, Infill Development, Redevelopment, Renovation

Project Summary

More than 30 years after it was originally built, the Landmark still stands out as a most prominent upscale retail center and office address in Hong Kong. The Landmark Scheme, a HK$1.64 billion (US$210 million) upgrade completed in November 2006, has reinforced the prominence of this commercial complex that occupies a one-hectare (2.5 ac) site in Hong Kong’s central business district (known as Central Hong Kong, or Central).

The four-story retail podium on Queen’s Road Central has been renovated, inside and out. The retail environment in the Landmark’s atrium inside the podium has been upgraded with the addition of signature outlets by global fashion brands. Landmark East, a low-rise annex building, was replaced with York House, a mid-rise office tower that complements the high-rise Edinburgh and Gloucester towers. A luxury boutique hotel was added, and overall access and circulation—vehicle and pedestrian—to and within the podium has been improved with an internal two-lane passenger drop-off area.

The 23-story York House—containing 11,500 square meters (123,785 sf) of Class A office space on 14 floors and 1,450 square meters (15,608 sf) of retail space—sits above the retail podium. On the podium’s roof is a garden that surrounds the base of York House. The lower 14 floors of the 47-story Edinburgh Tower have been converted into a 113-room hotel, the Mandarin Oriental Landmark Hotel and Spa.

Although Hongkong Land developed the project privately, public authorities and the local council were substantially involved in streetscape improvements and the construction of the new public roadway. The Landmark Scheme provides two pedestrian skyways across Des Vouex Road and direct escalator access to the MTR subway’s Central station.

“Hongkong Land’s objectives were to rejuvenate Central Hong Kong, reinforce its reputation as the heart of the city, elevate the prestige and ambience of the Landmark complex, and enhance the surrounding cityscape,” says Clement Lau, head of development and valuations in Hongkong Land’s commercial property division. “The Landmark Scheme demonstrates Hongkong Land’s commitment to its core business, to its customers, and to the Central district. A redesigned atrium, the fourth global Louis Vuitton store, a Gucci flagship store, Asia’s first Harvey Nichols store, the Landmark Mandarin Oriental hotel, more premium office space, a unique roof garden, and improved access and circulation within the complex are just a few of the program’s components that have reinforced Central as the place to be. The scheme ensures the continued success of the Landmark and increases the value of the company’s portfolio.”

To expand and upgrade the Landmark’s retail offerings, architects Kohn Pedersen Fox Associates and Aedas Limited carved out areas in the existing retail atrium for several two-story flagship stores and added two new retail floors. A wall of folded glass panels envelopes the retail podium, unifying the project’s disparate elements. Conceived as a diaphanous veil, the zigzag glass screen both obscures and reveals the retail world within and brings this world out to the streets of Central. Lighting was integrated into the glass facade along Queens Road Central to maintain an exciting atmosphere even after stores have closed for the evening. At night, this wall emits a warm glow and a new facade along Pedder Street also uses glass as a crystalline scrim. Additional landscaping, including new trees, help to make the Landmark as airy and inviting on the outside as it is on the inside.

The project is a clear financial success, as evidenced by revenue growth for the complex of more than 25 percent between 2002 and 2007, and capital growth of more than 70 percent between December 2002 and December 2006.

The Development Team

Hongkong Land

Kohn Pedersen Fox Associates

Site Statistics

  Acres Hectares
Site Size 3 1.0

  Square Feet Square Meters
Office Space 123,785 11,500
Retail Space 264,792 24,600
Industrial Space NA NA

Residential Units NA
--Single-Family Units NA
--Multifamily Units NA
Hotel Rooms 113
Parking Spaces 56
Max Floors 23
Use Data Status Unknown

* NA = Not Available

Date Started 2003
Date Opened
Date Completed 2006

Project Web Site

Project Street Address

Hong Kong, China

Primary Data Source

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